Lord alive, sorry to take so long getting back to you—I managed to write out nearly a full response and then lost it, and therefore gained an enormous grudge against Tumblr and spitefully refused to try again until now.
Definitely publishing this, because I know a lot of my followers are far better equipped to answer than I am, especially when it comes to non-fiction texts, none of which I can come up with off the top of my head at the moment. However, I have a few fiction recs to throw your way!
Jeanette Winterson - one of my favourite authors no matter what, but her writing really does take wing for me when she talks about desire (and desire in Winterson’s fiction is always in some ways queer, but there are also plenty of explicitly queer women in her novels). It feels like I’ve had a lot of conversations on Tumblr about the best Winterson novel to start with, and it really depends on what you like—Oranges Are Not The Only Fruit really focuses on a queer woman’s journey, I guess, and it was the first one I read, as well as being less abstract than others, and it’s glorious, so I always recommend it as the first one to try, but have a look at blurbs and see which one sounds Most Fab, basically. Written on the Body is another of my favourites, though the protagonist is actually genderless, which is fascinating.
Sarah Waters - going to come up a lot in any rec list of this nature. I have actually only read The Night Watch; if you’re enjoying No Bangs, I recommend it, because it’s set in the same broad time period and I sometimes use Waters’ evocation of the past as a kind of standard to measure my own writing by. (Yes, yes, I’m talking about my own story in a rec list. Oh well.) She’s also written a lot about Victorian queer women (Fingersmith, Tipping the Velvet, Affinity) but I haven’t actually read any of it—though I have seen the film/TV adaptions and they are marvellous.
I’d also recommend Virginia Woolf’s Orlando but it’s not quite about queer women—it’s about queer everyone and everything. It was, however, written as a love letter to Vita, and so reading it like that will produce many a moment of queer-lady feelings.
God, this list seems offensively paltry. I apologise! But I know I have many a follower who can contribute more substantially. Opening the floor, and tagging some people who may have ideas.